Anti-poverty programs do not work
Without management, economic aid programs are rarely successful in creating prosperity. In 1949 after two world wars, Western Europe’s manufacturing was a generation behind the United States. What raised European business out of the ashes was the Marshall Plan’s ‘Technical Assistance’ program.
Largely financed by the European governments themselves, Germany, Italy, France, and the UK sent thousands of handpicked businessmen to America. Organised in some 200 productivity teams, they were tasked to find useful techniques and to study the American success story. For several months, the Europeans toured automotive companies, business schools, textile mills, and so on in the United States.
In one way or another, each of these teams arrived at the same conclusions: American prosperity and achievements were not based on machines or the lack of wartime destruction, but rather on the social organization and moral values underlying its industry. In other words their management skills.
Africa needs a new managerial attitude
Indeed, the critical piece to creating prosperity and economic progress is competent management. It makes the wheels go round. Management creates employment, increases salaries, and improves productivity. It establishes large organizations and attracts the brightest minds. Without it, foreign aid or anti-poverty programs are as futile as measuring happiness by the American Dollar.
In the book “Moving Out of Poverty”, the authors explain why and how some people escape poverty in Africa, Asia, and Latin America. Based on discussions with over 60,000 people in rural areas, the project, sponsored by the World Bank, finds that fewer than 1% escaped poverty through aid programs. Instead, people who rose up the ladder from poverty to prosperity assigned their progress to jobs, new sources of income, and new businesses.
All are direct consequences of management thinking.
As good as the clarion calls from The United Nations sound, which asks richer nations to provide more aid to help poor countries fight poverty, they do not usher in the needed change of attitude to solve Africa’s challenges. Money by itself does not supply productivity. Good managers and leaders do. They create and design opportunities that lead to economic progress and help alleviate poverty.
Prosperity as a social principle
For now, more wealth leaves Africa than enters it. As research by Global Justice Now made clear in 2017, the majority of loans, aid and personal remittances sent to the continent are lost either directly, through multinationals moving money into tax havens, or indirectly by costs imposed by the developed world.
If but a small part of the West’s anti-poverty programs inspired responsible management, Africa would face a brighter future. Sending African productivity teams on field trips to the West is surely one way of increasing efficiency and labour productivity. An African “Technical Assistance” program could provide the continent with a clear view of the social principles that have helped bring prosperity to Europe and the Western World.
Professor Ibrahima Diallo, Chief of Staff to Senegal’s Minister of Mines and Geology
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Marc Lavergne, Emeritus Director of Research at the French National Centre for Scientific Research
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